Geosynthetics:
 
Geosynthetic is an encompassing term used to describe a range of Synthetic products which are purposed to solve geotechnical problems. The term is generally applied to 4 products: geotextile, geogrid, Geonet, and Geomembrane and Geo-composites. Synthetic nature of these products makes them suitable to be used on surfaces that require high durability, of course it doesn’t mean that they are indestructible. Geosynthetic materials are available in a wide range of shapes and structures that are intended for specific applications. These products have been used extensively and are now used in many applications such as civil engineering, geotechnicals including roads, airport runways, railway, backfill, retaining structures, reservoirs, canals, dams, coastal engineering and protection.

General applications of Geosynthetics
   
  1. Environmental Engineering
      - Land Fills

  2. Civil Engendering
      - Sealing Foundations

3. Water and Waste water Engineering
    - Water Canals
    - Dams
    - Artificial Lakes
    - Ports
    - Wharfs
    - Protecting Beaches and river Sides

4. Oil and Gas Engineering
    - Evaporation Ponds
    - Fuel Storages

5. Mining Engineering
    - Tailing Dams
    - Heap Leaches
    - Water tanks & …

6. Road and Railway Engineering
    - Reinforced Soil Bed
    - Reinforced Soil
    - Separation of Ballast from Sub Ballast